What is Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes

Unlike type 1 diabetes where the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, type 2 diabetics are able to produce insulin.  However, the pancreas either doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin properly.  The inability to adequately utilize the insulin produced by the pancreas is called insulin resistance. 

When the glucose (sugar) cannot get into the body’s cells to be used as energy, and builds up in the blood instead of reaching the cells, the body’s cells are not able to function properly.  When too much glucose is built up in the blood, a person can experience dehydration, diabetic coma or other damage to the body including a hardening of the large arteries called atherosclerosis. 

Those at Risk
Anyone can get type 2 diabetes, but those at highest risk are those that are overweight, women who have gestational diabetes and people with family member who have type 2 diabetes.  If you believe you are at risk of type 2 diabetes, you should consult with your physician and be tested.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
Much like Type 1 diabetes, there are symptoms of type 2 diabetes.  The symptoms listed below may vary from person to person, but some of the symptoms include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Severe hunger urges
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet

Diabetes Education
At the Northeast Georgia Diagnostic Clinic, our Certified Diabetes educators are educated and licensed healthcare professionals who possess distinct and specialized knowledge in diabetes self-management education.  The credential demonstrates that they have mastered in depth knowledge and skills in the biological, social sciences, communication, counseling, and education to provide self-management education for those with, or at risk for diabetes.   

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